This guide aims to provide quick guides on the basics of different formats of Referencing and Citation.
Citation is a short string of words that convey the required information pertaining to books, articles as well as other such documents, thereby enabling people to locate the sources easily. A citation integrates a set of standard components which convey the required information to recognize the source of information and track it easily, such as:
Borrowing others’ words and ideas in your own work without crediting the sources, either intentionally or unintentionally, is a serious academic and ethical offence known as Plagiarism. Referencing refers to the proper citation or acknowledgement for quoted source materials, paraphrased ideas and translation of other sources, etc. Referencing also proves your firm understanding of the subject and of your research.
Choosing a Suitable Style
The choice of citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. Check with your course instructor for the preferred citation style if you are not sure.
Some commonly used styles are:
Citations are the foundation of knowledge propagation that allows other scholars to trace the sources of research as well as point the direction of research and investment (Silvello, 2018). It is important to cite your source when you make use of the words or ideas of another individual. This requirement is applicable to even others’ words or ideas are sought for projects such as books, journal articles, and web pages. Moreover, this rule is not only restricted to textual data, but extends to other formats including pictures, videos, or audios.
There are three different objectives of citing or documenting the sources used in your assignment:
Silvello, G. (2018). Theory and Practice of Data Citation. Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology, 69(1), 6–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23917
It is important to understand that different citation styles are employed by different disciplines in academics.
This document will elaborately explore three different styles of citation.
If you are studying Science, different styles are employed in the field and it is better to seek the guidance of your lecturer regarding what style must be adopted.
If you wish to gain an in-depth understanding of the differences between APA, MLA and Chicago citation styles, you can refer to the citation style chart available on PurdueOWL.